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Willys/Jeep Logos, Badges & Slogans Between 1941-1953

• CATEGORIES: Advertising & Brochures, Features

Maury suggested we organize and go through the various Willys-Overland and Willys Motors logos, badges and slogans seen in brochures and ads during the years between 1941-1963. I thought that a good idea as well, so here’s what we found for the pre-Kaiser period between 1941-1953.

Before we begin, when is a slogan ‘a slogan’ and when not? It is totally arbitrary on our part, but we think we’ve covered quite a few (and welcome other suggestions). Much of Part I is a synopsis of advertising-related posts published over the last year. We hope to publish part II in the next few days.

1941-1945: (A deeper dive into the ads of this time period can be found here).

As a 1951 advertising review noted, the challenge facing Willys-Overland, once winning the jeep contract, was to convince consumers that the jeep was a Willys product (even though, as Ford argued, it was a joint project). To this end. Willys-Overland’s very first ad in December of 1941 emphasized WILLYS.

Willys-Overland continued this theme with their famous war-time color ads, a list of which you can view here (1942-1946). In the Hell Bent ad, the first of the war-time ads, Willys-Overland continued to emphasize WILLYS. The company also added “JEEPS” as a third category of vehicles for the first time.

1942-06-27-sat-evening-post-hell-bent-for-victory-pg117-partial-9

From the June 27, 1942, ad in the Saturday Evening Post.

In 1943, while emphasizing WILLYS, the company introduced a new badge, “The Sun Never Sets on the Fighting Jeep”

1943-02-06-sat-evening-post-avenging-jeeps-blast-japs-pg85

This ad, AVENGING JEEPS BLAST JAPS FROM CHINESE VILLAGE, was published in the February 06, 1943, issue of the Saturday Evening Post, page 85.

The “Fighting Jeep” phrase lasted through May of 1943. Then, was left off of a few ads, before returning on July of 1943 with the replacement of Fighting with MightyTHE SUN NEVER SETS ON THE MIGHTY JEEP.

1943-07-17-sat-evening-post-heroic-officers-dare-death-for-men-pg97-partial

This ad, HEROIC OFFICERS DARE DEATH FOR MEN, was published in the July 17, 1943, issue of the Saturday Evening Post, page 97.

Willys-Overland continued to emphasize WILLYS until February of 1944, when the company abruptly switched the emphasis to JEEPS.

This strategy only lasted two months, most likely the short life can be attributed to the lawsuit over the trademark JEEP by Ford. So, Willys-Overland switch to a new phrase, WILLYS Builds the Mighty JEEP.

By the autumn of 1944, with the Allies making important advances in Europe, Willys-Overland tried a new ad tactic that literally linked Willys and Jeep together, as seen in an October 14, 1944, ad (and subsequently in the 1944 Annual Report for Willys-Overland).

This graphic was short-lived, disappearing by the end of 1944 in favor of WILLYS Builds the Mighty JEEP again until war’s end.

The Willys-Overland “J” Period 1945-early 1946 (deeper dive here):

Introducing the Jeep and educating consumers on its capabilities had its challenges. Apart from that, Willys-Overland faced challenges introducing the jeep, arguably an entire new model of vehicle, into the existing truck and car lines sold by Willys-Overland dealers. Additionally, dealers who sold jeeps faced additional costs, such as signage, yet one could imagine that dealers didn’t want to abandon the signage they already had displayed, as their customers identified with it, nor pay for all new signage

It’s for those reasons that we believe Willys-Overland introduced a new ‘badge’ that allowed existing signage to have a red JEEP added to it or dropped underneath it. This design introduced the serif “J” in jeep that would be subsequently be used in various forms throughout the 1950s and into the 1960s. Here’s an example of the badge that appeared on the late 1945 CJ-2A ads:

We believe the Florida dealership below demonstrates how the “J” may have been added to it (we have to direct evidence, just a guess). A “J” sign appears to have been added to the bottom of the hanging WILLYS sign (see the right side of the pic). Also, “J“s were added to the sides of the building (see the left hand side of the pic).

Willys-Overland Experiments with Logos and Slogans 1945-1949:

The end of the “J” badge in Willys-Overland advertisements at the beginning of 1946 was immediately followed by the “Get a ‘Jeep’” slogan, likely a play off of the popular “Get a Horse” slogan of the time (learn more about Get a ‘Jeep’). The “Get a ‘Jeep’” slogan can bee seen from early 1946 through November 1947. The slogan was only used with CJ-2As and never appears (based on the ads we’ve found) with the wagon.

Summer of 1946 — Station Wagon Introduction:

Instead of using the Get-a-‘Jeep’ slogan, Willys-Overland introduced the wagon as a ‘Jeep’ Station Wagon (and, subsequently with the introduction of trucks, the ‘Jeep’ Truck).

1946-08-jeep-station-wagon-slogan

August 1946 Saturday Evening Post ad introduction the Jeep Station Wagon.

With the wagon ads, and hoping to continue to brand the Willys-Engine, Willys-Overland briefly pushed a new logo with the wagon ads, “Powered By the World-Famous Willys ‘Jeep’ Engine” badge. The logo only appeared in a few ads, then disappeared.

1946-powered-by-the-world-famous-willys-jeep-engine-badge

1947 — The “Universal” Jeep and Makers of America’s Most Useful Vehicles:

When Willys-Overland’s Get a ‘Jeep’ campaign ended at the end of 1946, part of the reason may have been that the company found itself with with two different jeeps, the 1/4 ton and the wagon. So, for advertising purposes, the wagon became the ‘Jeep’ Station Wagon and the 1/4 ton became  the The Universal ‘Jeep’ (the term was not new, but this was the first use of it for marketing purposes on a regular basis). In terms of the Saturday Evening Post ads, this may have been first apparent in the May 10, 1947, ad Work-Horse of the World — the ‘JEEP’.

1947-05-10-sat-evening-post-cj2a-work-horse-of-the-world

May 10, 1947, ad from the Saturday Evening Post. See bottom of ad.

One other new addition to the advertising campaign was the new slogan at the bottom, MAKERS OF AMERICA’S MOST USEFUL VEHICLES. This phrase would endure for years, until its shift to The Worlds Largest Maker of 4WD Vehicles (ed note … still determining when this final shift occurred …. that said, the latter phrase does appear in two 1951 advertising pieces: see bottom of this post, so 1951 may be the pivot point).

1948 — City to City Wagon Campaign:

In 1948, Willys-Overland introduced a year-long city-to-city wagon campaign that included three specific attributes, though not placed next to one another. One was the brand ‘Jeep’, which was included in a red font. Two, the term Station Wagon was added in a semi-script black. Three, the W-over-the-O image in red and yellow (or gold?) was always somewhere on the ad. Here’s an example:

1948-city-to-city-campaign

See all the city-to-city ads here . These ads also included the MAKERS OF AMERICA’S MOST USEFUL VEHICLES slogan

1947 — ‘Jeep’ Trucks:

In July of 1947, Willys-Overland introduced the ‘Jeep’ Truck. However, for advertising purposes, the company used the plural form of ‘Jeep’ Trucks often through roughly 1951. Yet, the Universal ‘Jeep’ and the ‘Jeep’ Station Wagon were always singular. Why do that? I haven’t a clue. Here’s an excerpt from the introductory ad published in the Saturday Evening Post:

1947-07-12-sat-evening-trucks-gangway-america-jeep-trucks-pg105

From the July 12, 1947, issue of the Saturday Evening Post.

In this example from 1949, a Lewiston, Washington, newspaper shows the entire line of jeeps, but only the trucks are pluralized:

1949-01-12-lewiston-daily-sun-jeep-ad-800px

Ad from Lewiston Daily Sun dated January 1, 1949.

4-Wheel Drive as a prominent Slogan:

In August of 1947, an ad that promoted 4-Wheel drive appeared in Time Magazine. It included an italicized “4-Wheel-Drive”, but not in the arrangement or form that would become standard later.

1947-4wd-does-tough-jobs

August 18, 1947, issue of Time Magazine.

About that same time, Willys-Overland began stamping 4 Wheel Drive on CJ-2A tailgates (This stamp would appear through 1955). You can view an excellent review of this stenciling on the CJ-3B Page.

By mid 1948, 4-Wheel-Drive was appearing more regularly in niche magazine ads.

1948-country-gentleman-farm-jeep

1948 (month?) issue of Country Gentleman magazine

In November of 1948, Willys-Overland tested the phrase 4-Wheel-Drive Universal, all in blue, next to a red ‘Jeep’, but that combo of fonts and colors didn’t last long.

1948-200000-jeeps-at-work-ad2

November 11, 1948, issue of Saturday Evening Post

In September of 1949, Willys-Overland published a 4-Wheel Drive (no dash between Wheel and Drive).

1949-09-17-sat-evening-post-4wd-delivers-loads-trucks-pg161-lores

Over the next few years, Willys (then Kaiser Willys) would alternate between 4-Wheel-Drive and 4-Wheel Drive, sometimes in the same brochure. View this partial 1953 brochure (with a Kaiser reference) which includes at least three versions of both types:

1953-cj3a-truck-wagon-brochure1

1953-cj3a-truck-wagon-brochure2 1953-cj3a-truck-wagon-brochure3

1953-cj3a-truck-wagon-brochure4

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NOTE: As the 1950s arrives, Willys-Overland seems to prioritize the advertising of the wagon in periodicals like Colliers and Saturday Evening Post; It just so happens those two are the easiest to research on a month-to-month basis. Meanwhile, publications like the Country Gentleman and other more niche-oriented periodicals have proven much more difficult to obtain ads with dates; therefore, there’s yet no timeline of images to show how advertising changed over the years in niche periodicals. Still, we do have a wide range of dated magazine and newspapers ads that have, thus far, confirmed many of the observations here-in. 

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Late 1949 ‘Jeep’s become Willys:

In July of 1949, Willys-Overland began to re-insert the Willys-Overland brand back into the ‘Jeep’ brand. Why? Unclear at this time. On July 16, 1949, Willys published an ad for the WILLYS-OVERLAND ‘Jeep’ Station Wagon. By October 15, 1949, the Overland portion was gone, whittled down to just WILLYS ‘Jeep’ Station Wagon. By December 10, 1949, Willys-Overland dropped the branding of ‘Jeep’ down to a small badge. Instead, the WILLYS brand in solid red letters makes an appearance.

Here’s the badge, which lasted only a few ads: 1950-jan-07-jeep-product-badge

Interesting enough, Willys-Overland also produced a badge that was added to some (all?) 1950 models. Here’s an example:

jeep-badge-plaque

This transformation from ‘Jeep’ to WILLYS branding can be seen over the following timeline of Saturday Evening Post ads.

In January of 1950, Willys-Overland dropped ‘Jeep’ entirely from the station wagon name. Now, it was the WILLYS Station Wagon.

1950-01-07-sat-evening-post-station-wagon-pg86-650px

January 07, 1950 Willys -Overland ad in the Sat Evening Post, page 86. Note the use of the ‘Jeep’ badge and the return of WILLYS as the primary brand.

1950 – WILLYS Makes Sense Campaign:

With the ‘Jeep’ Station Wagon repositioned as a WILLYS, Willys-Overland dropped the ‘Jeep’ badge and the ‘Jeep’ branding of the wagon as a ‘Jeep’. Instead, the company went full WILLYS branding and pursued a campaign called Willys Makes Sense (see all the Makes Sense ads), as seen in the September ad below. This seems incredibly strange, given the company had finally won the Trademark for JEEP that year  (June 13, 1950 Awarded JEEP registered trademark).

1950-09-23-sat-evening-post-willys-makes-sense-pg57-650px

September 23, 1950, Willys-Overland ad in the Sat evening Post, page 57. Note that ‘Jeep’ has disappeared completely from the advertising.

Additionally, thanks to Colin, we know that Willys even dropped the ‘Overland’ from the bumpers. Prior to 1950, rear bumpers on the Wagons and Jeepster had a scripted ‘Willys Overland’ pressed into the bumper. In 1950, that changed to just ‘Willys’. So, the shift in marketing from Willys-Overland to Willys appears to represent a company-wide push.
early-willys-overland-bumper-script

1950-jeepster-willys-bumper

World’s Largest Makers of 4-Wheel Drive Vehicles:

The latest ‘new’ slogan that we could find prior to the Kaiser purchase of Willys-Overland was the phrase “World’s Largest Makers of 4-Wheel Drive Vehicles”, which appears on a 1951 brochure for the CJ-3A. As far as I can tell, it’s the earliest example of that phrase appearing in an ad. http://www.ewillys.com/2018/09/05/1951-jeep-will-do-more-jobs-brochure-on-ebay/ Here’s one page from that ad:

1951-will-do-more-jobs-for-you2

The same phrase appears at the bottom of a 1951 ‘Jeep’ Tractor ad, too:

jeep-tractor-ad

We can only surmise that with Willys-Overland struggling over 1951 and 1952, that advertising became less of a priority. The ads in the major weekly magazines became less frequent. While there was a big push for the Hurricane engine (Hurricane Powered, Willys Puts the ‘F’ in Farm Power, etc, that was a product push rather than a slogan.

That’s all we have for Part I, 1941-1953, of the Willys-Overland advertising branding and slogan discussion. We stopped Part I at this point because, after Kaiser completed their purchase (Kaiser Manufacturing Corp offered to purchase Willys-Overland Motors in March of 1953), Kaiser began investing in the advertising and re-emphasizing the ‘Jeep’ brand. In the next few days, we hope to publish something similar for the years 1953-1963.

 

3 Comments on “Willys/Jeep Logos, Badges & Slogans Between 1941-1953

  1. Colin Peabody

    For the 1950 models of the station wagon, panel delivery and Jeepster, the script on the rear bumper read Willys where from 1946 through the early 1950 models, the script read Willys Overland, with the words being stacked, Willys over the word Overland. Tailgates on the station wagon had the wording Willys Overland in the top relief portion of the tailgate. Station wagons and trucks prior to 1950 had the inside step plates embossed with the written script Willys Overland. From 1950, that changed to just Willys. Terminology for Willys became Willys Motors, Inc. in 1951.

    Jeep vehicles that were exported to other countries were handled through the Willys Overland Export Corporation through the end of 1964, and during the exporting of the DJ3A Galas and Surreys. Domestic sales were handled through Willys Motors, Inc. through the Kaiser era until the logo for the Kaiser Jeep Corportation made its debut.

    Great research Dave!

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